What makes a good cold process soap? A great place to start is a recipe that includes no colorants, design, or fragrance. I also highly recommend sticking to the three most basic soaping oils: olive, coconut and palm. This might sound a little boring to some, but there is a lot to learn when making your first batch of cold process soap.
What is cold soap called?
What is cold process soap? Also known as cold saponification. Saponification is a chemical reaction provoked by mixing a fat (oils, butters, etc) with a strong base (for solid soap, the strong base is sodium hydroxide lye, for liquid soap the strong base is potassium hydroxide, also known as potash).
Is cold process soap good for skin?
Depending on the ingredients you use, cold process soap making typically yields a long-lasting bar of soap. Cold process soaps are better for the environment, healthier for the skin and can be made incredibly moisturising with limitless designs and recipes.
How is cold pressed soap made?
Cold-processed soap is made by mixing sodium hydroxide (lye) with water, blending it with fatty oils, and adding essential oils and natural colorants like clays. They are then poured into molds and take 24 hours to become soap (saponify).
What does shea butter do in cold process soap?
These fatty acids will increase the hardness of the soap, increase the lather stability, and will increase the lifespan. Shea butter also has a high concentration of linoleic and oleic acids, which provide conditioning properties and produce gentle and mild soaps.
What does lye do in soap?
The chemical reaction of making soap, called saponification, is complete, the lye and oil molecules have combined and chemically changed into soap and glycerin. If the soap is made properly, the lye is used up in the saponification process to turn oil into soap.
Can soap be made without lye?
That lye is now soap. On an aside, I use food-grade sodium hydroxide – though it's caustic and yes, used to clean drains, it's also important in some parts of the food industry. Pretzels are dipped into a weak lye solution before being baked, and lye is even used in processing cocoa and chocolate, among other things.
How do you make lye?
To make lye in the kitchen, boil the ashes from a hardwood fire (soft woods are too resinous to mix with fat) in a little soft water, rain water is best, for about half an hour. Allow the ashes to settle to the bottom of the pan and then skim the liquid lye off the top.
How do you make bar soap at home?
Which is better hot or cold process soap?
Unlike cold process soap, that lasts for 4-6 weeks, hot process soap can be used immediately after it hardens. However, by giving it a week or so, the bar can harden up considerably and allow an opportunity for the water to evaporate and will make a harder, longer-lasting bar.
Does homemade soap go bad?
Natural or handmade soaps may expire sooner, within one year, as the essential oils and fragrances can get rancid or moldy.
What is the difference between cold process soap and melt and pour soap?
Melt and pour soap cools and hardens quickly. This means some swirls that can be made with cold process soap are not possible with melt and pour. Melt and pour soap can burn if it becomes too hot. Once burned, the base becomes thick, gloopy and difficult to work with.
How do you make cold process soap more moisturizing?
Shea butter is another great moisturizer to add to this handmade soap bar. I use shea butter lotion during the winter to help add moisture to my dry skin. Shea butter has a high concentration of fatty acids and vitamins that can help soften the skin.
What is lye powder?
A lye is a metal hydroxide traditionally obtained by leaching wood ashes, or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions. It is supplied in various forms such as flakes, pellets, microbeads, coarse powder or a solution.
How long does cold process soap take to harden?
Cold process soap requires patience. It needs several days to harden in the mold. Then, it needs to cure for 4-6 weeks to allow excess water to evaporate. Curing creates a firmer bar that lasts longer in the shower.
Is refined olive oil good for soap making?
Soaping With Olive Oil. Soap makers all have their own preference as to which olive oil they use. Virgin olive oil, refined olive oil and pure olive oil trace slower in soap making so are used when a slower trace is desired, such as when you want to divide your soap out to swirl.
What does mango butter do in soap?
Notice, mango butter helps with the hardness of the soap, and it adds luxurious conditioning and moisturizing values as well.
What can replace shea butter in soap making?
Butters – Most butters are interchangeable. If a recipe calls for shea butter, you can substitute in cocoa butter, mango butter, sal butter, kokum butter or any other cosmetic butter or vice versa. Oils and butters have different properties in soap. Safflower varies from avocado and grapeseed varies from sweet almond.
Why is lye bad for you?
Lye is a caustic substance that can certainly damage your skin if you're exposed to it. It can cause a number of problems, such as burns, blindness, and even death when consumed. The lye gets entirely used up during the process, which means it's no longer present and can do no harm to your skin.
Does Dawn have lye?
No. By the very definition, soap is not soap unless lye was used to make it (liquid or bar). Unfortunately surfactants are found in everything from laundry detergent, dishwashing soap, dishwasher detergent, hand soap, body wash, etc.
Can you use baking soda instead of lye to make soap?
It is certainly possible to make an acceptable cold process soap using baking soda or washing soda, but lather performance suffers compared to the same soap formula without them.
What are the best molds for soap making?
One of the most popular soap mold options is a silicone mold. They are easy to clean with no lining necessary and come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Other mold options include recycled containers, plastic and wood molds. Each have benefits that may affect your soaping experience.
Is soap making profitable?
Soap making may be an entertaining pastime, but when done right, it can be a profitable business venture, too. If you love making soap in your home, it's possible to transform this hobby into a business.
What can I mix with black soap to make my skin glow?
What are the ingredients of black soap?
What can I substitute for lye?
Baked Baking Soda!
A common home alternative to lye when making pretzels or bagels is to use a baking soda solution.
How did pioneers make lye soap?
In the pioneer days, the women would make lye by gathering the wood ashes from their fireplace and putting them into a wooden hopper. Next, they would pour water over it to soak the ashes. The water that seeped out of the hopper and into the wooden bucket was lye water.
Can I make my own soap?
You can make soap at home with a few key ingredients. You'll need lye, along with your choice of oils; olive oil, coconut oil, almond oil, or sunflower oil all work. There are a few different methods for soap-making — here's an example recipe for the cold process.
What is the easiest way to make soap?
Melt and pour soaps are the best way to make homemade soaps without using lye. And it's real easy to do. You simply melt your soap base, add the essential oils and other additives you want like herbs or flowers, pour into the soap molds and let it cure. Melt and pour soaps are perfect beginner soap recipes.
How do you make simple soap?
How do you make soap at home with all natural ingredients?
Why is my cold process soap sweating?
Glycerin in soap attracts the moisture from the air which form on the surface of the soaps - this is so-called soap 'sweating'. Soap sweating is not an alarming phenomenon, as it is natural for the glycerine to attract moisture from the air. Glycerin is known to be beneficial for the skin.
What exactly is Castile Soap?
Castile soap is an amazingly versatile vegetable-based soap that's made free of animal fats and synthetic ingredients. Traditionally, castile soap was made of olive oil. It gets its name from the Castile region of Spain. These days, the soap is also made with coconut, castor, or hemp oils.
What is milled soap?
The French invented the milling process in the 18th century and have perfected it. The process involves shredding cold-processed soap, then running it through three or more rollers to press it. Hence the name French-milled or triple-milled. This makes soap harder, so a bar lasts much longer, and also milder.
Can germs live on soap?
Yes. When you wash your hands, you transfer a thin film of bacteria, skin flakes and oils to the bar of soap. A 2006 study of 32 dental clinics found bacteria growing on the soap in all of them – after all, standard soap doesn't kill bacteria, it just dislodges them.
Why did my soap turn yellow?
First, it could be due to adding too much oil. Whether it is fragrance oil or carrier oil, the soap can only hold on to so much before the oil begins to leak out to create beads on the surface. More often, it is due to the soap drawing moisture from the air.
What can I wrap homemade soap in?
You can either tightly wrap your soap in foodservice film, then wrap a piece of washi tape around the diameter of the bar. Or, you can cut brown paper to fit the diameter of your soap. Then wrap the paper around the diameter. Tape the paper closed.
What is Superfat soap?
Superfatting is the process of using less lye (or more fat) than industry standards so that there's some leftover oil in the soap that's not bound to lye. This leaves behind more unsaponified fat, providing more moisture in the soap. Every oil requires a different amount of lye to turn it into soap.
Is melt and pour soap considered handmade?
Melt and pour soap is a handmade product that you can sell! A crafter can create great products and research the best base to use for their bars of soap. Be sure to research and label the ingredients in your base to satisfy the FDA or Fair Packaging and Labeling act requirements.
Can you add oils to melt and pour soap?
DO NOT add butters or oils to melt and pour soap. They compromise lather, cause separation, and prevent the soap from fully hardening. Instead, choose a soap base that is formulated with butters/oils like Crafter's Choice Shea Butter Soap Base or bases with Essential Oils.
How do you make cold process soap more bubbly?
Different oils give different amounts and different types of lathers, so many soap makers turn to sugar to increase the suds. Adding a bit of sugar to a soap recipe can help make a light, bubbly lather with large bubbles when the oils you're using do not lather up as much as you'd like.
How much fragrance oil do you put in cold process soap?
Usage rates play a big role in scent retention. For a strong scent, you can add 0.7 ounces of fragrance or essential oil per pound of cold process soap. For melt and pour, you can add 0.3 ounces per pound.